Cerego Create and Learn – Content Authoring Guide
- Cerego Overview
- Basic Parts of Cerego
- Authoring Features of Cerego
- Getting Started with Cerego
- Create a Set
- Customizing Set Information
- Create Items
- Teach and Instruct Items
- Quiz Items
- Arrange Items into a Learning path
- Determining Your Learning Path and Item Templates
- Items: These are the individual units of instruction or assessment. Items contain concepts, which are the important pieces of information that you want learners to know. Cerego Create and Cerego Learn, you currently have the option of creating two different types of items:
- Teach and Instruct: These items provide context to learners and allow you to explain concepts using uploaded images, sound, or narrative text. You also have the option of embedding videos, presentations, or documents in these items.
- Quiz Items: These items consist of question types that give learners opportunities to test and practice their knowledge of concepts.
- Sets: A set is a collection of items. You can think of it as something similar to a chapter in a book, or a section of a manual.
- Learning path: This is how you order items within a set. This will determine when and how the concepts are presented to learners.
We recommend keeping the number of items to 10-25 items per set. If there are too many items in a set, learners may become overwhelmed by information. If there are too few items in a set, learners’ practice of concepts will not be optimized.10-25 items per set allows learners adequate times to learn and practice important concepts.
- Automatic saving: Cerego saves your work automatically as you work on your content!The auto saving status will update to let you know when each edit is saved.
- Previewing content:You can easily preview any content, even while working on an item or set, to see what learners will see when working through the course.
- Quick Quality Assurance (QA):QA your content as you make it by scrolling through the side nav. You can expand each item card with a single click.The expanded states hows an overview of your item and its quizzes, which contains information like the number of quizzes in the set, the number of concepts learners will see, and which items have images and sound.
- Realtime updates: You can see your changes update and save in real time as you create new content. This gives you an up-to-date view of your learning path-and of what your learners will see.
- Automatic content suggestions: Cerego uses natural language processing when you create and enter content into Cerego. This means that as you work, the platform will offer suggestions for items and question distractors and also populate these items for you.
- Palette: This is the screen that shows all the item templates available.It is the first thing you’ll see after you create a new set.
- Sidenav: This refers to the bar down the left-hand side of your screen. You can use the side nav to click and drag items to different spots in order to change your learning path.
- Default state: This allows you to look at all the items in the column from top to bottom
- Grid state: Grid state takes over the entire screen, allowing you to see and arrange all of your content at once.
- Top bar navigation : The top bar navigation allows you to select options to:
- preview the item you are authoring or preview the entire set
- view the autosaving status of your item and set
- update the set name and image
- Authoring page menu: This is located in the top left-hand corner of your screen. Clicking on the pencil tool will allow you to edit your set’s name. Clicking on the grey circle will allow you to upload or change the main photo associated with your set.
- Items that teach and instruct learners on key concepts
- Items that test or quiz learners about(recently) introduced key concepts
- Stem:This refers to the main question you are asking in an item.
- Answer:This is the correct answer to your stem.
- Distractors:These are other answer options that are incorrect.
- Explanations:These are sometimes called feedback or rationales in other types of test banks.They explain why an answer is correct or why distractors are plausible, but ultimately incorrect.
All Cerego item templates are optimized for mobile use, making any spot an ideal location for your learners to develop mastery of a course’s core concepts.The most effective learning paths in Cerego use both categories of items to appropriately introduce learners to material and test their understanding of material.For more tips on how to decide what items to use and how to arrange items on a learning path, seeDetermining Your Learning Path and Item Templates.
Teach and Instruct Items
You can also directly embed media, such as videos or slide presentations, as separate items or within a single item. Just give your media a title and use the following guidelines to insert an embed link for one of the formats we support:
- Youtube Embed Youtube videos and play lists
- Google Drive Embed Google Drive Files
- Google Slides Embed Google Slides
- Power Point Embed Power Point
- Prezi Embed Prezis
- Slideshare Embedding SlideShare
- Vimeo Embed Vimeo videos
Teach and Instruct items are shown to learners only once, but are always available to the learner and are never graded or scheduled for practice over time.
If you’d like information to be presented but not practiced, add it as an Instructional Item. PDF, text, video, slideshows, and more are all supported for this item type.
In Create, there are four ways you can assess a learner’s understanding of material presented in Teach and Instruct items. These are represented by three different Quiz item templates:
- Question & Answer items
Each quiz template is equipped with a variety of features to help you create content quickly and easily. Once your items are in action, learners will continue to benefit from Cerego’s personalized review schedule.
Question & Answer (Q&A) items
Writing Q&A items should be familiar territory: Most of the quizzes, tests, and exams that we’ve taken in our lives use this format. This item template is the most versatile quiz item in Cerego and can be used to present the following types of questions to learners:
- True/False questions
- Multiple Choice questions (questions with 1 correct answer)
- Select All That Apply/Multiple Select questions (questions with more than 1 correct answer)
Whether you’re writing unique content for the first time or leveraging an existing bank of items, the Q&A template is designed to make Cerego easy, fast, and friendly for the content you’re already using and allows for the following features:
- Auto populate answers: Once you enter your correct answer, the Smart Answer pop up will useNative language technology to provide suggestions for distractors (wrong answer options) that can automatically be inserted for the question you are writing.
- Explanations:You can insert unique remediation and feed back for each answer option
- Images:You can insert images with the question stem and with each answer option.
- Audio:You can insert audio files to support or explain each step
- Attach instructional items:You can also link relevant instructional items to Q&A items. These will be presented to learners after they answer the question.
Manual Q&A Item Creation
The general process for manually creating Q&A items is simple:
1. Select the Q&A item template.
2. Insert your question stem.Write your question in the “Ask a question box”
3. Populate your answer options. Here, you have two options:
a. Manual entry: Insert your correct answer or answers manually.
b. Automated answer options: After you enter a correct answer, the Smart Answer tool will pop up with auto-generated answer options. You can click the plus symbol next to each response to add it to your item. You can also choose to hide suggestions if you have particular options you’d like to insert manually.
4. Enter your rationales/feedback for each option. You can insert descriptions in the“Explanation” boxes that explain why the correct answers are right, and why incorrect answers are plausible, but ultimately incorrect. You do not have to enter feedback for each option in order for the item to function properly.
Even though feedback for the Q&A item isn’t required, timely and unique feedback that explains why an incorrect answer is incorrect can greatly enhance learner understanding of important concepts you are presenting.
5. Identify correct answer(s). Be sure that you select the check box to the left of each answer option to denote the correct answer or answers.
6. Attach instructional item. At the bottom of the item template, you can choose to attach one or more instructional items within the set you are creating.Learners will then be able to review relevant instructional items after they answer the item.
After you’ve entered your Question, Answers, and optional Explanations, your item will automatically save. You can choose to preview the item by clicking the “Preview Item” button in the top right corner or click the green plus button in the bottom left to create your next item.
Automatic Q&A Item Generation
The other way you can begin to create Q&A items is by creating them from a Make a Page item:
1. Create a Make a Page Item. See theMake a Page Item article for more information on this step.
2. Click on underlined words. After you create a Make a Page item, Smart Create will provide underlined words as possible Q&A items. Click on an underlined word to create a Q&A item based on that concept.
3. Populate item. Follow steps 2–5in the Manual Q&A Item creation article to appropriately populate your item. The Smart Create tool will populate some fields, including automatically attaching the base instructional item.
Sequence items can be used to teach anything that occurs in a specific order. This might be:
- Steps in a process
- Ordered lists
- Timeline of events
Learners will be asked to drag the steps of the event into the appropriate order. Because of this, it is important to note that sequence items should only be used when there is only one correct order for events.
Whether you’re writing unique content for the first time or leveraging an existing bank of items, the sequence template is designed to make Cerego item creation easy and fast. Sequence items allow for the following features:
- Unique Title: This allows you to name your process, ordered list, or timeline. It is a required element when populating Sequence items.
- Images: You can insert images with each step in the process
- Audio:You can insert audio files to support or explain each step
The general process for creating Sequence items is simple:
- Name your item.Begin by typing the title of your Sequence item into the Title box. This should sum up the information presented, such as “Events Leading Up to the Civil War” or “The Scientific Method.”
Populate each step.After you name your item, fill in each step of your process.Be sure to be descriptive and to differentiate between similar steps. If you are creating a timeline, do not insert the dates for events, as this will give away the correct answer order.
- Anatomical images
- Image-based:All of your questions will be based on a single image.
- Customized hot spots:You can either highlight portions of the image with an ellipse or rectangle shape or draw your own unique shape.
1. Create or find your image.Depending on your subject matter, you may need to create or find the image you’d like to ask questions about.
When you are preparing and choosing your image, be sure to remove any labels or items in the image that might give learners hints to the right answer. Also, make sure there isn’t more than one correct answer in the image.
For subjects that do not lend themselves to images, you can easily create simple charts that can be used to ask questions.
2. Upload your image.After you have prepared the image you’d like to use, login to your Cerego set. After you select the “Diagram” template option, you will be immediately be taken to a page where you will upload the base image for questions.
3. Fill in the question.After you upload your base image, Cerego will take you to your Diagram authoring screen for your first question. Here, you can write your question in the box provided.
Make sure each of your questions is distinct and that there is one clear right answer in the image. Diagram questions only allow one correct answer per highlighted area.Highlighting an area more than once for multiple questions will result in the learner being told an appropriate answer is incorrect.
4. Highlight the right answer. After you write your question, use the provided highlight tools to draw a shape around an area of image you’d like your learners to identify. You have three tool options:
a. Draw: Use this tool to create a custom shape.To do this, connect the dots around the target area (you can also drag them once they have been placed).
b. Ellipse: Use this tool to draw a circle around a correct answer (you can also the circle once it has been placed).
c. Rectangle: Use this tool to draw a rectangle or square around the correct answer (you can also drag the rectangle once it has been placed).
5. Add another question and highlighted area. After you complete steps 3 and 4 for a question, you can click on the “Ask another question about this image” link at the bottom of the screen.This allows you to add another question and highlighted area to your base image.
We recommend you have 3–5 questions per base image, depending on the complexity of information you are presenting. Less than 3 highlighted areas may yield a question that is too easy. More than 5 highlighted areas may be too complex.Make sure your highlighted areas do not overlap. Overlapping regions do not allow learners to clearly select one answer.
Arrange Items into a Learning Path
After you have created items in your set, you can use the side nav to move items into a different order, if needed. Reordering your items customizes your set’s learning path, which helps you achieve your instructional goals. All you need to do to rearrange items on a learning path is:
1. Have more than 1 item created in your set.
2. Click the item you want to move in your side nav bar.
3. Hold and drag item to a new position.
When you build and customize a learning path, consider you're learning objectives and how the learner will work through the learning path. For example, does one instructional item need to have multiple assessment items to fully test a learner’s knowledge? Which instructional items might need to be presented first in order for learners to be successful on the assessment items that follow?
Determining Your Learning Path and Item Templates
Determining which items you use and how you arrange your learning path will vary based on your subject matter, the complexity of your core concepts, and your learning objectives.In general, we recommend you keep the following to make best use of Cerego for mobile eLearning:
- Identify your learning objectives first.The first thing you’ll want to do is determine what you want your learners to know after they review your material. This is often achieved by creating learning objectives.Learning objectives also help you gain a better understanding of the complexity of your concepts.
- Present foundational concepts first.After you determine the core concepts that learners should master, you’ll want to think about and plan the best way to present material to the learner.Evaluate which of your materials are foundational and should be presented and assessed first. Considering this will help you begin to determine your learning path.
- Keep sets small. Keep in mind that Cerego is primarily a mobile learning platform. As such, it is best to limit sets to1 or 2 learning objectives (10-50 items). Keep in mind that Cerego will prompt users to revisit the sets over time. Therefore, it is important that you only include “essential”knowledge. This helps learners see the value of the practice.
- Teach first, then assess.It can be most helpful to present core concepts using Teach and Instruct items first.This will help you introduce and explain concepts to learners. Following Teach andInstruct items with Quiz items helps learners practice and apply the core concepts they’ve just learned.