Mastery learning

An approach to learning first developed by Benjamin Bloom that emphasizes achieving a level of mastery over material as a prerequisite for continuing to the next level of a course of study. Once a learner achieves a level of mastery (typically based on some form of exam), then s/he is ready to move on to the next phase. That background knowledge then serves as a basis for more complex, creative, critical, and analytical thinking about a given subject.

See also: Adaptive learning, Bloom's 2-sigma problem, Bloom's taxonomy, Desirable difficulty 

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